Friday, 2 Sept. 2016
Right around he corner from the ACN campus stands Norwegian King Christian Frederik. He stands here largely because of the “Moss Convention” of 14 August 1814.
Here's the short version: In 1814, Norway was NOT an independent state. Christian Frederik was the Crown Prince of Denmark as well as the "resident viceroy" to Norway.
He founded a Norwegian independence movement which resulted in a national assembly at Eidsvoll, Norway. A constitution was written, then signed on 17 May 1814 ("Syttende Mai" Norway's Constitution Day).
The Eidsvoll council chose Frederik as their king, but, they were not able to secure total independence and sovereignty. Although eventually losing war to Sweden, Norway won an important victory at the battle of Langnes which made it possible for King Frederik to avoid unconditional surrender and negotiate the important "Moss Convention" (the de facto peace agreement between Sweden and Norway) that transferred executive power to the “Storting” (Norway’s congress), and resulted in the Storting's election of Charles XIII of Sweden as Norway's king.
King Frederik abdicated his power in Norway and returned to Denmark where he later served as King Christian VIII of Denmark from 1839-1848.
This union between Norway and Sweden lasted until Norway declared its dissolution in 1905.
Below the statue of Konge Frederik in Moss are the words: "Som Grunnlovens forsvarer sikret han Norges selvstendighet som stat." ("He secured Norway's independence as a state").
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